10 Meter Walk Test – Setup and Instruction
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The 10 Meter Walk Test is a quick and simple
outcome measure to obtain a patient’s steady-state gait speed. Within 5 minutes you can have an insight into
both a patient’s general health and efficiency of gait, which can then be used for patient
education, outcome measurement, and even prognosis. This video will show you how to set up the
10 Meter Walk Test, perform the test, as well as explain how to measure a patient’s performance. The first thing to do is to find a 10 meter
distance, or about 32.8 feet, to perform the test. Measure the 10 meter distance and place a
marker at each end. Once you have your 10 meter distance marked,
measure 2 meters, or 6.6 feet, from each end towards the middle. Place a marker at these points. You now have a start point and markings at
2, 8, and 10 meter distances. Next you will need a stop-watch or a phone
with a stop-watch feature. This will be used to measure the time it takes
the patient to complete the central 6 meters of the 10 meter distance. The 2 meters on either side are not timed
and are intended for acceleration and deceleration. Instruct the patient that they will walk from
the start line to the finish line at either a comfortable or a fast pace, as desired by
the clinician. For a comfortable pace, instruct the patient,
saying, “In a moment, I will say ready, set, go. When I say go, I want you to walk at your
normal, comfortable speed until I say stop.” For a fast pace, instruct the patient, saying,
“In a moment I will say ready, set, go. When I say go, I want you to walk as fast
as you safely can until I say stop.” The patient may use an assistive device, but
this should be kept consistent and documented. If assistance is required, this test should
not be performed. As the patient performs the test, start timing
when the toes of the leading foot cross the 2-meter mark. Stop timing when the toes of the leading foot
cross the 8-meter mark. It is recommended to collect 3 trials and
calculate the average time of the three trials. In order to calculate gait speed, we will divide
the distance covered by the time it took for the patient to complete the test. For example, if your patient takes an average
of 9 seconds to walk 6 meters, divide 6 by 9 on a calculator or a phone with a calculator. The value you receive, in this case 0.67,
is the patient’s gait speed expressed in meters per second. This is the standard format for clinical use. When used with current clinical statistics,
such as those found on missiongait.org, you can use the measured gait speed for effective
patient education, outcome measurement, and prognosis. Thank you for watching this video, and we
hope you can bring this great tool into your clinic. If you want to learn more about this test,
including current statistics, Mission Gait has a free ‘Gait Speed Toolkit’ available
on missiongait.org. It includes a ready-to-go inservice, patient
education flyer, clinical statistics, and more. If you want to see more of Mission Gait on
YouTube, click the link in the corner to subscribe or visit our YouTube channel for more content.

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