The staircase ahead leads to an underground entrance to the train station. The Santa Maria Novella Station (SMN) is the busiest station in Italy with 160,000 people passing through every day. The building to the right is the Basilica di Santa Maria Novella from which the station gets its name. Please SUBSCRIBE and press the LIKE button so you will be notified with each new video** Grazie! The walk to the Piazza del Duomo takes about 8 minutes from the train station. You can skip ahead to 08:11 to see the Florence Duomo Complex which includes Baptistery, Duomo and Bell Tower. This brick building is the Church of Maria Maggiore originally built in the 11th century. The original bell tower is now part of the exterior walls. The bell tower has a lone Roman head, known as La Berta, built into its side. In 1327, the astrologer Cecco d’Ascoli was burned at the stake in front of the church and when he asked for water, Berta yelled out to deny his request. The Baptistery of San Giovanni, named after St. John the Baptist, is one of the oldest buildings in Florence. The baptistery is most famous for its three sets of bronze doors, including the ‘Gates of Paradise.” The baptistery was built on the site of an ancient Roman temple dating back to the 1st century AD. The mosaic ceiling depicts the ‘Universal Judgement’ and took over 100 years to complete. The pyramid shaped dome once had a hole at its center and was used to shine light on the floor’s sun dial.