Welcome to a lesson on the

household system of measurement. In this lesson we will define

household volume units of measure. And then convert between household units of measure using proportions. A household unit of measures is

the most commonly used system of measurement in homes of the United States. Usually in the kitchen. Units are given here on the left with their abbreviations on the right. We have a drop teaspoon tablespoon fluid ounce cup pint quart and gallon. And here the conversions between units. One teaspoon equal 60 drops. One tablespoon equals three teaspoons. One ounce equals two tablespoons. One cup equals eight ounces. One pint equals two cups. One quart equals two pints. And one gallon equals four quarts. In this lesson to perform the conversions we’ll be using proportions. Where proportion states that

two ratios or rates are equal. So if a to b and c to d are two equal ratios. Once we set them equal to each other this is a proportion. And what’s special about a proportion is that the cross products are always equal as long as a unit of a and c are the same and the unit of b and d are the same. So again if we have a proportion then a times d must equal b times c. The reason this helps is because if one of these four values is unknown we can cross multiply and solve for the unknown. As an example let’s say your car gets 28 miles per gallon and you want to determine how far you

can drive on three and a half gallons of gas. Well 28 miles per gallon is a rate

which we see here in fraction form. We can set this equal to x to three point five gallons. Where x is the number of miles you can drive on three point five gallons. And now we can cross multiply and solve for x. So ignoring the units for a moment. One times x would be x. So x must equal 28 times three point five. So again we have x equal 28 times three point five. which is 98. We can say the units would be miles. Let’s look at some more conversions. Here we want to convert two teaspoons to drops. So we set up two ratios comparing teaspoons to drops. Using this information with the unknown and one of our conversions. So we’ll have two teaspoons. Two and unknown number of drops must equal looking at our conversions one teaspoon to 60 drops. Notice how we have teaspoons on the top and drops on the bottom. Now we can cross multiply and solve for x. X times one which is x. Must equal two time 60 which is 120. Which means two teaspoons is equal to 120 drops. Next we have half a tablespoon equals a certain number of teaspoons. So now we have two ratios comparing tablespoons and teaspoons. One half tablespoon to an unknown number of teaspoons.

Let’s say x teaspoons. Must equal. Looking at our conversions. Notice one tablespoon equals three teaspoons. And notice a tablespoons are on top

so we’ll have one tablespoon. to three teaspoons. And again now we cross multiply to solve for x. Here we have x times one which is x. Must equal one half times three that would be three halves. So we have three halves of a teaspoon. Let’s convert this to a mixed number or a decimal. So we have three divided by two there’s one, two, and three. One times two is two we subtract. We have a remainder of one. Which means three halves is equal to one and one half. Which should be one point five. Now we want to convert drops to teaspoons. So now we have two ratios

comparing drops to teaspoons. 45 drops to an unknown number of teaspoons. Must equal. We already know that one teaspoon equal 60 drops. Notice how we have drops on top. So we must have 60 drops on top. And one teaspoon in the denominator. Now we cross multiply. Notice here we have x time 60 that would be 60 x. equals 45 times one that just 45. Here we have to solve for x by dividing both sides by 60. So we have x equals forty-five sixtieth which does simplify these two do have a common factor of 15. 45 divided by 15 is three. And 60 divided by 15 is four. So 45 drops is equal to three fourth of a teaspoon. Next we want to convert tablespoons to ounces. So we’ll have two ratios comparing tablespoons to ounces. So we have five tablespoons to an

unknown number of ounces. Must equal. Notice here that one ounce equals two tablespoons. But tablespoons must be in the numerator or on top. So we’ll have two tablespoons to one ounce. And now again we cross multiply. So we have x times two that’s 2x equals five times one that’s five. Divide both sides by two. We have x equals five halves. Let’s convert that to a mixed number or a decimal. Five divided by two or two two’s in five

two times two is four subtract remainder of one this would be two and one half. Or two point five. Let’s go and write two and one half. Now were gonna convert eight ounces to tablespoons. So we’ll have two ratios

comparing ounces to tablespoons. First ratio is eight ounces

to an unknown number of tablespoons. Must equal. We just saw that one ounce equals two tablespoons. Ounces is on top so we’ll have one ounce to two tablespoons. Cross multiply. Here we have x times one that x. Equals eight times two that sixteen. So eight ounces equals 16 tablespoons. Next we want to convert 12 teaspoons to tablespoons. So we’ll have two ratios comparing teaspoons to tablespoons. And again the conversion is one

tablespoon equals three teaspoons. So we’ll have three teaspoons. Over one tablespoon. Notice how the unit are the same

on the top and on the bottom. And now we cross multiply. So x times three would be 3x equals 12 times one is 12 divide both sides by three and we have x equals four. So 12 teaspoons equals four tablespoons. We are running short on time. But I do want to take a look at one more example where where there’s not a direct conversion provided here in the table. So let’s go ahead and take a look

at this last example here. Where we want to convert 28 pints to gallons. Again there’s no conversion in the table that converts pints directly to gallons. But we can convert pints to quarts and then quarts to gallons. So we have an option using two proportion or using unit fractions. To keep it consistence. Let’s go ahead and use proportions. So instead of setting up a ratio from pints to gallons. Were gonna set up a ratio comparing pints to quarts first. So we’ll have 28 pints. To an unknown number of quarts. Must equal. Again the conversion is one quart equals two pints. So we’ll have two pints to one quart. Cross multiply. We have x times two that’s 2x equals 28 times one that’s 28. Divide both sides by two. Notice how x is equal to 14. Which means 28 pints is equal to 14 quarts. And now we convert the quarts to gallons. So again we’ll have 14 quarts to x number of gallons. Must equal. One gallon equals four quarts. The quarts must go on top so four quarts to one gallon and we cross multiply again. So x times four that be four x. And 14 times one that’s 14. Divide both sides by four. And we have x equals fourteen fourth these two have a common factors of two. So we can say x equals seven halves. But to convert this to a mixed number or decimal. We have to perform this division. Seven divided by two. There are three two’s in seven three times two

is six and we subtract remainder is one. So seven halves is equal to three and one half. Or three point five. Let’s leave it as three and one half. The other option here would be to use unit fractions which I do show in a different lesson. I hope you found this helpful.

handy, thanks

great job

Thank you

thank you 😉

Awesome thank you so much made it easy and simple to explain

Thank you so much….

Now I know how to do my test on my pharmacy technician

Proportions..