Most AMAZING Materials Of The Future!

Hi, it’s Katrina! From building elevators into space to using
bacteria to light up the night sky, here are 13 of the coolest materials of the future
that are being used right now! 13. Aerogel
Aerogel holds 15 entries in the Guinness Book of Records for material properties, more than
any other material. It is the world’s least dense solid. Sometimes called “frozen smoke”, aerogel
is made by the supercritical drying of liquid gels of alumina, chromia, tin oxide, or carbon. It’s 99.8% empty space, which makes it look
semi-transparent. Aerogel is also a fantastic insulator. If you had a shield of aerogel, you could
easily defend yourself from a flamethrower. It stops cold and it stops heat. You could even build a warm dome on the Moon. Aerogels have unbelievable surface area in
their internal fractal structures. Cubes of aerogel with just an inch on one
side may have an internal surface area equivalent to a football field. Aerogel is currently being used as an insulation
product, thickening product in cosmetics, laser targets, blankets, in space suits, military
armor, and in particle physics, just to name a few. Fun fact: NASA used an aerogel to trap space
dust particles aboard the Stardust spacecraft. The particles vaporize on impact with solids
and pass through gases, but can be trapped in aerogels. And to think that Aerogel was created from
a bet! 12. Carbon nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes are long chains of carbon held together by the strongest bond in all
chemistry, the sacred sp2 bond, even stronger than the sp3 bonds that hold diamonds together! Carbon nanotubes have numerous remarkable
physical properties, including ballistic electron transport, which makes them ideal for electronics,
and so much tensile strength that they are the only substance that could be used to build
a space elevator. Yup! Just like the one that Google is trying to
build!! Nanotubes could be used to build a pipe that
transports materials and maybe even humans to the International Space Station or the
moon! The specific strength of carbon nanotubes
is 48,000 kilonewtons per kg. The previous record holder for structural
strength was high-carbon steel, with a measly 154 kilonewtons per kg. That’s 300 times stronger than steel. You could build towers hundreds of kilometers
high with it. Or the world’s strongest, and tiniest straw. Your pick. 11. Metamaterials
“Metamaterial” refers to any material that gains its properties from structure rather
than composition. Metamaterials have been used to create microwave
invisibility cloaks, 2D invisibility cloaks, and materials with other unusual optical properties. Mother-of-pearl gets its rainbow color from
metamaterials of biological origin. Some metamaterials have a negative refractive
index, an optical property that may be used to create “Superlenses” which resolve
features smaller than the wavelength of light used to image them! This technology is called subwavelength imaging. Metamaterials would be used in phased array
optics, a technology that could render perfect holograms on a 2D display. These holograms would be so perfect that you
could be standing 6 inches from the screen and not even notice it’s a hologram. And now for number 10! But first remember to subscribe and let me
know what you would like to see in future videos in the comments below!! 10. Aluminum Bubble Wrap
Imagine your favorite packing-based stress reliever, except made of metal. OK, metallic bubble wrap might not be quite
as easy to pop, but it could be a heck of a lot more useful. A team of engineers from North Carolina State
University have developed a new form of aluminum bubble wrap, which they claim could revolutionize
packaging and protective equipment. The scientists take a thin sheet of aluminum,
then use a studded roller to form small indents in the sheet. Unlike its polyethylene counterpart, these
voids are then filled with a foamed material like calcium carbonate, before being sealed
with another flat sheet of metal. The result is a series of bubbles that absorb
masses of energy, weighs 30 percent less than regular sheet metal, and yet are nearly 50
times stronger. It’s easy to make, not too expensive, and
could soon be used in everything from shipping containers for fragile goods to bike helmets. Just don’t be tempted to try and pop it. 9. Titanium Foam
This is the foam you want to get your hands on, and it’s made out of titanium. By saturating a humble polyurethane foam with
a solution of titanium powder and binding agents, it’s possible to force the metal to
cling to the shape of the simple foam and then vaporise the underlying structure away. The result is a titanium lattice in the shape
of the original foam, which can be heat-treated to tweak its material properties. The exact properties depend on how porous
the foam is, but the results are interesting. The structure is both strong and, most importantly,
incredibly light. In fact, the material is perfect for replacing
human bone! It has incredibly similar mechanical properties
and, because it’s porous, new bone can grow in and around its structure, truly integrating
the implant within the skeleton. Anything that gets us that much closer to
a real-life Wolverine is fine with me!! 8. Molecular Superglue
If you’ve ever stuck your fingers together with superglue, you know pain. Now imagine sticking them together with glue
that bonds materials at the molecular level. That’s real pain. In fact, a team of researchers from the University
of Oxford has created a molecular glue inspired by Streptococcus pyogenes—the flesh-eating
bacteria. They considered a single protein from the
bacterium, the one it uses to bind to human cells, and from there developed a molecular
glue which forms covalent bonds when it comes into contact with a partner protein. The bonds it forms are so strong that, when
researchers tested a sample, the equipment used to measure the strength broke before
the glue did. All that remains is to develop ways of incorporating
the proteins into other molecular structures in order to create insanely strong, selective
glues. Sounds like something you would find in a
Marvel comic book! 7. Artificial Spider Silk
Silk is Nature’s very own homespun wonder material but it’s tough to make in bulk. This is why a Japanese startup called Spiber
has been working out how to produce it synthetically. It’s managed to decode the gene responsible
for the production of fibroin in spiders, which is the key protein used to create the
super-strong strands of silk. Having cracked that key component, the company
has gone on to create bioengineered bacteria (from E.Coli) that can make silk extremely
quickly. The company can reportedly create a new type
of silk from scratch to finished product in just 10 days. The bacteria feed on sugar, salt and other
micronutrients, and quickly produce the silk protein. This protein is turned into a fine powder,
spun and processed to create fibres, composites, solid block… pretty much anything. A single gram of fibroin produces 5.6 miles
of silk. They are working on mass producing the stuff
to revolutionize the textile industry and are churning out silk by the metric ton! That’s a lot of silk, and all of that without
a spider in sight. You can already start buying jackets made
from this silk! They have a heavy price tag though, about
$750 apiece. 6. BacillaFilla
Concrete ages over time, taking on the sickly polluted-grey look we all know and developing
fractures in the process. Repairs are time-consuming and expensive — if
the foundation of a building cracks, there’s often no easy way of fixing it. Many buildings in earthquake zones have been
simply torn down for this reason. But a group of students at Newcastle University
have produced a genetically modified microbe, that has been “programmed to swim down fine
cracks in concrete and produce a mixture of calcium carbonate and bacterial glue … to
‘knit’ the building back together”. The “programming” of the BacillaFilla
spores mean they only start germinating on contact with concrete, can sense when they
reach the bottom of cracks, harden to the same strength as the surrounding concrete,
and have a built-in self destruct gene to stop them going rogue and producing massive
concrete tumors. There are also environmental implications. 5% of all man-made carbon dioxide is from
the production of concrete. It is hoped the spores will be able to prolong
the life of structures that would be very costly to rebuild. 5. Amorphous metal Amorphous metals, also called metallic glasses,
consist of metal with a disordered atomic structure. They can be twice as strong as steel. Because of their disordered structure, they
can disperse impact energy more effectively than a metal crystal, which has many weak
points. Amorphous metals are made by quickly cooling
molten metal before it has a chance to align itself in a crystal pattern. Amorphous metals may be the military’s next
generation of armor, before they adopt diamondoid armor mid-century. On the green side of things, amorphous metals
have electronic properties that can improve the efficiency of power grids by as much as
40%, saving us thousands of tons of fossil fuel emissions. 4. Glowee
Bacteria may light up the future. Glowee, a start-up company based in Paris,
is developing bioluminescent lights to illuminate shop fronts and street signs. After a successful demo in December, Glowee
has launched its first product – a bacteria-powered light that glows for three days. The company is now working on lights that
will glow for a month or more. The lights are made by filling small transparent
cases with a gel that contains bioluminescent bacteria. Glowee uses a bacterium called Aliivibrio
fischeri, which gives marine animals such as the Hawaiian bobtail squid the ability
to glow with a blue-green light. The gel provides nutrients that keep the bacteria
alive. At first, the lights only worked for a few
seconds. But by tweaking the consistency of the gel
so it delivers nutrients more efficiently, the team has been able to extend their lifespan
to three days. Bioluminescent lights are not new. But Glowee is one of the first companies to
develop a commercial product, which is initially being marketed to shops. In France, retailers are not allowed to light
their shop windows between 1 am and 7 am to limit light pollution and energy consumption. The softly glowing bacterial lights, which
are about as bright as night lights, provide a way to get around the ban. 3. Graphene
Graphene is the strongest material known to science at the present time. It is 200 times stronger than steel. It is one of the strongest, thinnest, and
lightest material in the world. Graphene is single layer of pure carbons arranged
in a hexagonal lattice pattern. It is so thin it is considered to be a 2 dimensional
object. This newly discovered material might be one
of the most important known to man. It has amazing thermal and electrical conductivity
properties. It is also very malleable but at the same
time it is very strong. This means it can be used for many different
things such as high capacity batteries, flat screens televisions, and for very small computer
chips. It’s made by taking special adhesive tape
to collect residue from graphite, the same material used in everyday pencils. This easy and simple yet groundbreaking experiment
was conducted by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov. They later won the Nobel Prize for Physics
because of these experiments. Graphene is definitely going to have an impact
on the world. 2. D30
Impact protection has always been a difficult problem — how do you make something that
offers real protection without becoming too heavy or inflexible? Plastic knee-pads, for example, restrict movement
and can still transmit impacts to bone. D30 offers an ingenious fix to this problem. It’s a material made of ‘intelligent molecules’
that move freely under gentle pressure, but lock up when struck hard. Jackets are already on the market containing
D30 pads that offer flexibility, as well as protection from the tarmac, baseball bats
or fists you might accidentally walk into. The pads are low-profile, making the jackets
suitable for stuntmen or even police. The material actually works on a familiar
principle, similar to the mixture of cornstarch and water you remember from elementary-school
science experiments. Who knew your fourth grade science fair could
lead to scientific revolutions like this! 1. Graphene Aerogel
If the phrase graphene aerogel sounds to you like someone combined the two buzziest of
materials buzzwords then… you would be right. In fact, this graphene aerogel snatched the
title of the world’s lightest material just a few of months ago—with a density lower
than that of helium and just twice that of hydrogen at 0.16 milligrams per centimeter
cubed. This stuff practically floats on air. The material was actually created using a
new technique which involves freeze-drying solutions of carbon nanotubes and graphene
to create a kind of carbon sponge. The resulting material is both strong and
elastic, as well as incredibly light. It can even absorb up to 900 times its own
weight in oil. When—or if—it becomes affordable, it could
potentially be used to mop up massive oil spills with ease, or even as an incredibly
efficient version of humble old insulation. Thanks for watching! Who knew that graphene was so cool! Be sure to subscribe and I’ll see you next
time! Byeeeee.

100 thoughts on “Most AMAZING Materials Of The Future!

  1. These guys keep on making propaganda about the danger of CO2 emissions, despite it being the most green substance possible!. It's incredible, the desire to be trendy and appear to be a good progressive, even if that entails submission to lies spread by the elite. Yeah, it's sooo good to be a lackey!!!

  2. Graphene Aerogel (#1), between Hydrogen & Helium in density. If it is lighter than air, you can't just throw it on a petroleum spill, so I don't see how you can mop up the petroleum, let alone transport it in a usable form.

  3. “…hold diamonds together…”

    Wording matters.
    The strength that holds a diamond together vs the strength that holds two or more diamonds together ——— a world of difference is seen by her adding that completely unnessasary ‘s’ to that one word.

    Ya ya ya… I know the flack this is gonna get, but, it doesn’t lesson the strength of the lesson (see what I just did there?) in this lesson (oop!! I just did det a gan!!).

  4. Very Good Video Now I Can Know The Difference Between Metallurgy our ancient science of material and the New advanced Science or The Wonder Material . incredible To increase Strongness And To Change Properties Of Graphene's To be Stronger Than Diamond And Stronger Than Steel 200x And We Can Solve A Difficult Problem Like Impact Protection By D30 Material. Congratulation Mr. C ANDERS The Nobel Prize For Physics 4th. of February 2013 .

  5. $heeeiiiiit! How much is that Aerogel. I could find billions of uses for that! Awe shux though, I bet you gotta have $ to get enough to do anything with. Well, I'm gonna look that up rigjt now, unless she says what I am looking for in this video. Nyuk nyuk.
    Like I said. I will have to wait a couple hundred years for it to devalue to get enough to do some good with.
    That stuff is 1$ per cubic centimeter and $23,000per pound.
    Looks like I'm stuck with saving drink holders and egg crates. Nah
    Lol. That would be a total waste of time.

  6. A space elevator could never transport astronauts to the ISS or the moon… The ISS is moving at 17500 kph and the moon doesn't have a large enough hill sphere for a space elevator.


  8. While these are impressive materials, most of them are far from being ready for application and you are not being very honest by not mentioning the severe limitations of some of these materials.

  9. Didn't Arthur C. Clarke postulate a "Space elevator"?
    YUP, must have been in the 60s?
    "The Fountains of Paradise is a novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke. Set in the 22nd century, it describes the construction of a space elevator. This "orbital tower" is a giant structure rising from the ground and linking with a satellite in geostationary orbit at the height of approximately 36,000 kilometres (approx. 22,300 miles). Such a structure would be used to raise payloads to orbit without the expense of using rockets. The novel won both the Hugo and Nebula Awards for Best Novel."

  10. The thing is though, all of these creations would only be available to those who can afford them. I wish to God that they would be made available to ALL mankind. no matter what status you are.

  11. Checkerout Mang!!!! In Mexico we call bands like Limp Bizkit, Five Finger Death Punch and Bring Me The Horizon "Sheet Metal"

  12. If it already exists , it is by definition, not Materials of the future, but Material of the present . And since the video is already a year old, it is actually Material of the past.

  13. No matter how GREAT the subject, the fact that this vid is suddenly interrupted multiple times by ads and the asinine begging for subscription earns it a THUMBS DOWN.

  14. Spider Silk is WAYYYYYYyyyYYY more important than most of the things on this list. it may sound stupid AF at first but after doing research you'll realize this shit is OP AF! This shit is going to be used for bulletproof vests due to its crazy resistance and weight. I just didn't know they figured out a way to mass produce this shit this fast! Last video i watched about it was 5 years ago and from the way it sounded they were close but NOT CLOSE. Seriously ridiculous.

    I just cant wait til we get the jellyfish lasers……….btw im serious look it up. This shit will make death rays a fuckin' reality.

  15. Hey everyone. I humbly invite you all to check out this diverse, respectful, multi-cultural, non-tradition, worldwide and newly formed information studies, debate group.. Sharing knowledge, ideas and solutions to our United problems…
    We would appreciate your views opinions and overall participation in discussing a wide range of interesting topics…… ❤️🌎❤️🌍❤️🌏

  16. Funny that all those years Bob Lazar kept his mouth shut, he owned the company that held the NASA contracts to produce the Aerogel. Wonder why that wasn't mentioned. As far as the government's concerned Lazar barely finished high school. Wonder why they let him build all that Aerogel?

  17. Yes, no! No. 1 for insulation. Aerogel has been out for over 80 years yet we do not see it for insulation now because big business does not want us to save MASSIVE amounts of energy.

  18. Oh hell no! Flesh eating bacterial glue, not happening for me ty. And that titanium foam…Oh HELLLLL no. That's part of my idea for fixing shattered spinal vertebrae. Maybe not the foam part but titanium for sure being used to synthesize and create entire spinal columns with maybe nylon disks

  19. The mispronunciations made my brain hurt. Hex-a-gone-a-gal…seriously? Hex-ag-on-al… There were about ten instances but there is no way I'm going to listen to it again to list them for you… Oh…yeah… poly-eth-thigh-lean for poly-ethel-een. Oh I'm getting dizzy just thinking about them again…

    Free Tip: Read your script to someone knowledgeable BEFORE you commit it to video… They'll help you get it right…

  20. Why don't all these things clean out a dirty conscience? If only I ruled the world, nobody ever would feel any more rage, me included.

  21. A 4th demensional being could never enter our 3d because the the 4d being doesn't comply with our 3d space and time rules. We could never find a 2d because our 3d rules are different than the 2d rules. The other diminisions may be there but can never be seen and we certainly could never enter. Communication may be the only way but that is even doubtful. We would need to discover a sub particle that can exist in all diminisions and use that particle to communicate with other diminsions, maybe a light particle can exist in all diminsions, I don't know. Maybe someone can research that idea.

  22. Space elevator I believe will not be present at all. That would take gazillions of dollars to make as a first, second it will be a herculean effort to even construct such a masterpiece. Third, you will need planes and rockets to deliver supplies the closer you are going to space, and to mention the people involved in building it. This wont happen. Google probably bit off more than they can chew…

  23. tryin get like bro for real but check a real one out dawg

  24. made on a bet? What bet? Why the fuck would you say that and not explain what the bet was? wtf? thumbs fucking down!

  25. It's true. Most people in general are just above being retarded. Fuck samhouston2000's worthless anecdotal opinion. You can actually look this up and prove it is true. around 10% of the population of humans anywhere are too stupid for the U.S. Army to be able to find any job that they can do. The ARMY.

    That's with an iq of like 83 or less. Most people have an iq of around 100. That's where most females are. You have a greater chance of finding MEN at both ends of the extreme. That means there are more male geniuses or near geniuses than there are women. This also means more men are retarded than women are but it also means that in general, women are dumber than men.

    This is also why most women believe in astrology, lie, and steal. It's because most of them are almost retarded.

  26. This could be an answer to rising sea level and a way (coupled with laser beam propulsion technology) to push some water to the planet Mars. Toxic waste could be pushed into Jupiter. They may be able to collect and refine "dark energy" with this wonderful material( or a more advanced version by then) one day. They should put some in the Hadron collider. The pure essences of everything beneficial in the universe could be osmosified into our very cells! I want invest in this material somehow.

  27. …and all were Material's that came from reverse engineering ET Tech. Gotta' love what Bismutz Magnesium Layer's can do when they are hit with Terahertz Frequency's. That's if you like changing the Space-Time Vacuum constant and be able to travel Faster than Light.

  28. ok not to hate but superglue does pretty much exactly what you said it doesnt do, it literally says that it will bond your skin together if used improperly so…….

  29. I know they re having a hard time producing graphene in any large quantities. I wonder using the same method at Areogel if we could create a carbon block and dissolve it to a 99.9 percent block of single atomic structure?

  30. I love countdowns like this. Clean way of presenting information that makes things easy to understand. The implications of the use of these materials will truly change lives in the years to come. The hard part, is to be ahead of the curve to make some money from these wonderful products. Finding uses for the technology is the key.

  31. How can we have a space elevator to send stuff to the ISS? The ISS isn't in geosynchronous orbit, so how do we get around that small problem? We can't simply 'wait at the top of it' till the ISS comes whizzing by, since it's (supposedly) travelling at  17,227 mph, it will be a fool who tries to jump aboard it at that speed 😀

  32. Before you make any more junk that just ends up into landfill can you explain how any of these materials can be discarded responsibly into a sustainable environment putting it back into organic form?

  33. 10:11, on the video it says 100x stronger than steel, but the narrator says that graphene is 200x stronger than steel. Which is the correct one?

  34. Metal foams are great bc they're strong and basically air.
    Edit: Diamond would make pretty shitty armor mainly because of the fact that it is brittle. It will probably shatter.

  35. In Fact:

    Most technologies in this video were given to mankind for an evolutionary push. With a clear message to be used in conjunction with other technology that favors a clean environment.

    Mother Gaia is out of tune and is resonating at a lower than sustainable level.
    Directly related to these events.
    1) Non- Human; Damage im the upper atmosphere (radiation penetrating the magnetosphere.)
    2) Human; Nuclear Radiation.
    3) Human; Mass low end vibrations in living cells.
    3) Human interference with fossil fuels.

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