hello hejsan hej I am pixelpia

welcome to my channel today I’m going to talk about the differences between the

metric and the imperial system something I struggled with when I first came to

the US if this is your first visit to my channel you are very welcome and if you

are a returning subscriber you are welcome back I would appreciate if you

subscribe to my channel and give it a thumbs up that is if you like it of

course so without further ado let’s get this video started so today I’m gonna compare the metric

system with imperial system something I had trouble with when I first came to

the u.s. most of the world use the metric system but in u.s.we still use the

imperial system I am only gonna talk about mass volume

and length and only go into the most common measurements in the metric system

we use base element for each category and then some prefix to change that

measurement like kilo which is thousand hecto which is 100 deci which is 1/10

centi which is 1/100 and milli which is 1/1000 so the base measurements is meter

for length gram for mass and liter for volume so let’s take a look at the

length the base is 1 meter but if you measure further distances for example

driving distances you use kilometer that is kilo and meter one kilometer is 1000

meter when you measure how high a person is

you measure that in centimeters that is one hundredths of a meter and I am for

example 156 centimeters that’s one meter and a little bit more than a half we use

one measurement that doesn’t follow the system and that is one mil that is

equal to ten kilometers so for length we use kilometer meter decimeter

centimeter and millimeter I will put them up to the screen on this side as you can see we don’t use the comma

for writing 1000 the comma is used as a decimal point between the whole number

and the tenths of a number let’s take a look at mass when we weigh something we

use gram as the base but one gram is a very small quantity so most of the time

we use kilogram that is 1000 gram or if you are baking for example you can use

hectogram it’s 100 grams so I will put the measurements for the grams for

weight up here we have 1 kilogram 1 hectogram

and 1 gram if we are measuring something very tiny for example if you’re

measuring medicine we used milligram that is one thousandth of a gram and

finally let’s take a look at volume the base for volume is liter and we use

liter we use deciliter centiliter and milliliter and I put them all up here now let’s take a look at imperial system

we for length we use mile feet and inches one mile is 5280 feet we also use

yard which is equal to three feet and one foot it was 12 inches for mass we

use pounds and ounces and 1 pound equals 16 ounces for volume we use

gallons quarts pints and fluid ounces one gallon is 4 quarts or 8 pints or 128

fluid ounces so one quart is two pints and one pint is 16 fluid ounces so let’s

compare them in length one meter equals three feet and three and 3/8 inches one

kilogram equals two pounds and 3.3 ounces and finally one liter equals one

point zero five six seven quarts and the other way around one mile is about 1609

meters one yard or three feet is about zero point nine meters one foot is about

zero point three meters and finally one inch is about 2.54 centimeters

one gallon is about 3.78 five liters one quart is about zero point nine five

liters one pint is about 0.47 liters and one fluid ounce is about zero point two

nine five liters but of course I never used that exact numbers when I convert

in my head if you don’t need an exact measurement this is what you can use one

meter is about three feet or one yard one pound is about half a kilogram or

one kilogram is about two pounds one litre is about one quart and a gallon is

about four liters I would also like to talk a little bit about measuring

temperature the two most common scales are Celsius and Fahrenheit in Sweden we

use Celsius and here in the US we use Fahrenheit both scales are based on the

freezing point of water and the boiling point of water if we start with the Celsius

scale water freezes at zero degree Celsius and it boils at 100 degrees for

Fahrenheit the water’s freezing point is at 32 degrees and it boils at 212

degrees if we compare the two scales we can see that one degree Celsius is about

one point eight degrees Fahrenheit but then we have the little problem with

the freezing point being at 32 degrees so there is a little formula to use for

converting from one to the other if I know the degrees in Celsius and want to

find out find the degree in Fahrenheit all I have to do is multiply the degree

in Celsius with one point eight and then add 32 to that answer if I know the

degree in Fahrenheit and I want to find it in Celsius I first subtract the 32

degrees and then I divide the final answer with 1.8 let me give you a couple

of examples up here is it complicated well just as the other measurements I

have simplified it for me when I don’t need an exact measure instead of using

the 1.8 I round that to 2 so if I know that it’s 24 degrees Celsius all I do is

24 times 2 which is 48 and then I add the 32 which gives me 48 plus 32 equals

80 so 24 degrees Celsius is about 80 degrees Fahrenheit

and if I know the Fahrenheit let’s say for example 76 degrees Fahrenheit

and I want to convert that to Celsius I take 76 minus 32 which gives me

44 and I divide that by 2 which gives me twenty two so 76 degrees

Fahrenheit is about 22 degrees Celsius nowadays I seldom do that because I can

easily change from Fahrenheit to Celsius on my phone when I want to know what it

is in one or the other but it’s good to know how to do it quickly in your head

if you want to check what the weather is in the country that use the opposite this is where I’m gonna end today’s

video I hope you enjoyed it next week I’m going to take a look at

Swedish stereotypes and maybe make a little bit fun of myself don’t forget to

subscribe to my channel and if you like this video please give it a thumbs up so

that’s all for today goodbye or as we say it in Swedish

Hej då

Do you ever use the metric system? If so when and where?

Great video and awesome information! I think a lot of people struggle with this so thanks for sharing ðŸ™‚

nice!